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Ex. 1. Open the brackets using Present Perfect or Past Indefinite.

1. We already (to read) this book.

2. The boys know that their mother never (to be) late.

3. I (to see) my teacher today.

4. She (to meet) her last Sunday.

5. He (to meet) his friend two hours ago.

6. I just (to meet) our teacher.

7. Yesterday John and Mary (to search) for a new house.

8. We already (to have) lunch and now we (to be going) to return back to work.

9. My friend (to receive) the diploma this year.

10. He (to receive) the diploma last year.

11. The rain (to stop) an hour ago.

12. The postman (to bring) the letter in the morning today.

13. The postman (to bring) the letter in the morning yesterday.

14. He (to wed) to the good girl this month.

15. He (to wed) to the good girl last month.

Ex. 2. Open the brackets using the Future Perfect Tense.

1. We (run) out of gas by noon.

2. Our President (finifh) his report by 2 o'clock.

3. I hope we (lock) through all the documents by the end of the day.

4. I think we (discover) the truth by tomorrow.

5. These articles (analyse) definitely by next week.

Ex. 3. Open the brackets using Past Simple or Past Perfect.

1. When I (to come) home, mother already (to cook) dinner.

2. When father (to return) from work, we already (to do) our homework.

3. When the teacher (to enter) the classroom, the pupils already (to open) their books.

4. Kate (to give) me the book which she (to buy) the day before.

5. Nick (to show) the teacher the picture which he (to draw).

6. The boy (to give) the goats the grass which he (to bring) from the field.

7. Mother (to see) that Nick (not to wash) his hands.

8. The teacher (to understand) that Lena (not to do) her homework.

9. When we (to come) to the station, the train already (to leave).

10. Tom (to return) from the cinema at five o'clock.

11. Tom (to return) from the cinema by five o'clock.

12. I (to finish) my homework at seven o'clock.

13. I (to finish) my homework by seven o'clock.

14. He (to think) that he (to lose) the money.

15. Ann (to tell) me that she (to see) an interesting film.

Модуль самостійної роботи

1. Пасивний стан.

2. Презентація рекламного проспекту готелю.

3. Обговорення теми «Приватні готелі: недоліки та переваги».

Пасивний стан (Passive Voise)

Пасивний стан означає, що підмет не виконує дію, а зазнає на собі дію іншої особи або предмета.

The textbook is printed in Kyiv.

Пасивний стан утворюється з допоміжного дієслова be у відповідному часі і III форми основного дієслова.

Tense Active Voice Passive Voice
Pres. Indef. They (often) discuss this book. The book is (often) discussed.
Past Indef. They discussed this book. The book was discussed.
Fut. Indef. They will discuss this book. The book will be discussed.
Pres. Cont. They are discussing it now. It is being discussed now.
Past Cont. They were discussing it when Ann came. It was being discussed when Ann came.
Fut. Cont. They will be discussing this book at 5 p.m. tomorrow. The book will being discussed tomorrow at 5 p.m.
Pres. Perf. They have (already) discussed this book. The book has (already) been discussed.
Past Perf. They had discussed it by that time. It had been discussed by that time.
Fut. Perf. They will have discussed it by the end of the month. It will have been discussed by the end of month.

Прийменники by і with в Passive Voice

The poem is written by Shevchenko.

by - виконавець дії

The letter is written with а pen.

with – інструмент

Орієнтовний план презентації макету готелю

  1. Назва готелю, місце розташування (країна, місто і т.д.).
  2. Послуги Вашого готелю (особливості обслуговування).
  3. Цінова політика готелю.
  4. Тематичний інтер’єр закладу.
  5. Реклама Вашого закладу.


Домашні завдання VІІ. Змістового модуля

“Готельний сервіс”

Практичне заняття №1 : Читання та обговорення тексту:

Staying at the hotel.

Speak about everyday services available at the hotel.

Робота над текстом за профілем спрямування

Граматичний матеріал : Повторення часів Perfect.

Present Perfect.

Практичне заняття №2 : Читання та обговорення тексту: My dream hotel

Робота над текстом за профілем спрямування

Граматичний матеріал : Past Perfect.

Практичне заняття №3 : Читання та обговорення текстів: Description and features of hotel services

Робота над текстом за профілем спрямування

Граматичний матеріал : Future Perfect.

Практичне заняття №4 : Types of Hotels. Повторення пройденого матеріалу, написання підсумкової контрольної роботи.

Робота над текстом за професійним спрямуванням

Практичні заняття 1,2.


Mathematics in Daily Life

Too often, I go dumbfounded at the billing section in a shopping store, and happen to easily believe whatever the salesman asks me to pay. I never calculate myself, mostly because neither do I have the patience, nor do I have the prowess to add, subtract, multiply, or divide numbers chop-chop in a single go. Calculators are my thing! I never exercised my math abilities in front of others - I was never good at it (actually, I sucked!). But is that all about mathematics? Do you need it only at a shopping store? Is it limited to just adding or subtracting numbers? Absolutely not. I was ignorant, not to have realized the ubiquity of mathematics in daily life, and the reasons behind it being one subject that is known to transcend all boundaries in terms of culture. So, that really makes me wonder, what actually is the importance of mathematics in daily life? Of course, you need not use the properties of logarithms, algebra, and trigonometry to sort out your daily issues, but then, you need mathematics to sustain from day to night. Don't believe me? Take a look at the following section. Use of Mathematics in Daily Life. What time do you wake up in the morning? 7 am? What if it's 6:50 am? You'll thank the Almighty for getting 10 minutes of extra sleep, wouldn't you? Well, did you notice that we used a tad-bit of mathematics here? The watch is the most common and the most wide-spread example of using math in everyday life. Just think about it, had there been no watches and clocks in the world, the word 'discipline' would have lost its existence forever. Calculations, currencies, counts, laps, bills of all kinds, days, months, years… We never tend to notice, but we're using mathematics for all purposes. We do calculations in the back of our mind while cooking, going to office, refueling our cars and bikes, waiting for the weekdays to get over so that we can party on the weekend (wink!), getting our salaries, watching sports matches, and most importantly, for information technology. Now, tell me, wouldn't it dread you to think of a life without mathematics? Just imagine, had there been no numbers in this world, how would we even live? Today, even if a person is not highly educated, he can sustain easily in comparison to the one who never even learned the table of 2 all his life! Use of Mathematics in Business . My boss says, "I don't care how, all I want is numbers!". Well, every boss says so. That's where we start playing around with mathematics at work and business. On the other hand, our account information, shopping, eating out, etc. are some examples of using various branches of mathematics on a daily basis. Who doesn't know the importance of mathematics in business decisions? A miss of a single digit has the capability of slumping you down from riches to rags. Business consultants, officers, employees of all kinds, and even a peon today is required to be well-educated and have logical skills in order to get a job. However, the higher the post, the higher the qualification becomes. But we cannot ignore the omnipresence of mathematics, can we? It seems as if, without using mathematics and math terms in daily life, we would become disabled, wouldn't we? You think of a single aspect of your life, and I bet you won't be able to manage it without using a tad-bit of mathematics. From business transactions to money making, from counting the number of burgers you eat to waiting for Halloween from months before, from checking the mileage of your car to somehow surviving with the limited salary you get, where do you don't use mathematics? I, somehow, feel that the most pitied person in the world is not the one who cannot count, but the one who refuses to count!

Read and translate the given text. Put 10 questions.

Робота над текстом за професійним спрямуванням

Практичні заняття 3,4.


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